Square and Enix were to the two juggernauts of Japanese RPGs in the 1990s, thanks to their Final Fantasy and Dragon Quest franchises. But RPGs also take a long time to develop, and the Sony PlayStation, released in Japan in 1994 and America in 1995, needed some kind of representation in the genre. This allowed space for some lower budget games to make it the market, the most notable being Camelot’s Beyond the Beyond, Konami’s Suikoden, and Sony’s Wild ARMs.
Considered against its successors, the original Wild ARMs is modest in scope. That said, every sequel’s success is balanced (or, sometimes, thrown off balance) by its flaws. The original, on the other hand, is exactly what it wants to be: An uncomplicated mid-length JRPG that stands out thanks to its unconventional wild west aesthetic.
Wild ARMs is the story of three protagonists. At the beginning, you can choose to play each of their stories, acting as prologues, before the three eventually join and the real adventure begins.
A silent boy with blue hair and a mysterious past.
Jack Van Burace
A power-hungry treasure hunter who ALSO carries a mysterious past, along with his partner-in-crime, a magical mouse named Hanpan.
The princess of the kingdom of Adlehyde and a magician-in-training.
After their individual intro sequences (a commonality among Wild ARMs games), they unite to help an archaeologist/engineer named Emma excavate a golem, which is an artifact of an event called the Demon Wars that happened a thousand years’ prior to the start of the game. Once they obtain the golem, it is put on display at a festival in Adlehyde. Tragically, demons break through the sky and attack during the festival to steal the golem. They announce their ambition to resurrect their leader and destroy the world, and then destroy Adlehyde. As good an impetus as they’ll ever get, Rudy, Jack, and Cecilia band together to take down the demon menace.
Developed by the Japanese company Media Vision, the creators designed Wild ARMs with the intent of making a traditional JRPG that incorporates wild west themes alongside anime fantasy conventions. The western vibes are really what draws people into the series above all else. There are games similar to it in terms of gameplay and narrative, but few if any have a comparable style. The original is actually one of the more grounded of the series aesthetically, veering more toward traditional medieval European-style fantasy in places than the others. Still, it has enough difference to make it stand out among PS1 JRPGs.
Wild ARMs introduces many of the series’ setpieces. Most important is its setting of Filgaia: A dying desert planet that gives the series its wild west sheen. There is some light historical continuity between each entry, but it’s more thematic than narrative—it’s only slightly evident that they exist within the same universe. If they do, they are likely set thousands of years apart. (There are character cameos in Wild ARMs 5 to celebrate the series’ tenth anniversary, but these are for fanservice rather than to establish continuity, as every games’ characters existing simultaneously would make no sense.) Filgaia itself also looks very different in each game, in varying states of ecological devastation and in the shape of its landmasses, which suggests either a different universe or a very different place in time. Wild ARMs 3 does reintroduce some villains from the original, so the latter is most likely.
Within Filgaia there are many other recurring features. The Elw (El-loo) are the requisite ancient civilization, and their temples allow for early-game travel across continents before you get other means of transportation. ARMs are of course present throughout the series, though their significance is inconsistent—in Wild ARMs these are an ancient technology that most people fear and few can wield, but in other games in the series many people are using them with no problem or stigma. In Wild ARMs 3, every playable character uses an ARM. ARMs itself stands for Ancient Relic Machines, though this acronym seems to be relevant only to the original game.
One of the more interesting series mainstays is the Baskar tribe, a Native American parallel civilization. There’s typically only one Baskar Village in each game, but they always have a fairly sizable place of import in the story. Wild ARMs 2 and 3 have playable Baskar characters, possibly the only playable Native-equivalent characters in JRPG-dom. (Though, interestingly, the Baskar tribe in Wild ARMs 2 is portrayed as very Anglo, but that’s a discussion for later.)
Wild ARMs games are noted for their intricate puzzles, which rely on the use of various tools. In this way, they’re sort of successors to Natsume’s Lufia series, which began on the SNES. Each character in the original gains four throughout the game: Rudy gets Bombs, a Radar, Skates, and a Power Glove; Jack gets Hanpan, a Lighter, a Grappling Hook, and a Guitar; Cecilia gets her Teardrop, a Pocket Watch, a Magic Rod, and a Water Vase. This is the most tools-per-character in any ARMs game. Some of them aren’t even used for puzzles (the Guitar is used for summoning monsters and the Radar is used for locating treasures), but they all typically come to use in the game’s dungeons. The original game doesn’t have especially difficult puzzles, but more challenging and varied than other JRPGs of the era. Many require speed and hand-eye coordination that one doesn’t typically see in turn-based RPGs. One unfortunate aspect of the puzzles is that you are often solving them while simultaneously dealing with random encounters, which can make it tedious really quickly. A magic spell that decreases the encounter rate helps a little, but you only get access to it late in the game. Graciously future games in the series introduce a system to cancel encounters before they occur, somewhat alleviating the annoyance.
Battles in Wild ARMs have just enough little tricks and nuances past the typical JRPG mechanics to keep you engaged. Each character has their unique special skills. Rudy wields ARMs, which are powerful but limited as they rely on bullets, of which you can only hold a few at a time. Reloading is available solely in towns and via the scare Bullet Load item. ARMs can be upgraded for power, accuracy, and bullet capacity, though these upgrades get expensive quickly, the most expensive upgrades being 65000 gella, some of the most expensive purchases in the game. Each gun is found throughout the world in unique chests, often off the beaten path and requiring tools or duplicators (rare magic keys that are also commonly used throughout the series) to access.
Jack uses Quick Draw, a swordfighting technique tied to his backstory that emphasizes speed. When using these skills, he’ll almost inevitably be the first to act. He picks up Quick Draws by coming across various triggers that give him an idea for a skill. For instance, one of the first he picks up is triggered by walking across a windy corridor on a mountain pass. Once the skill has been triggered, however, Jack still has to “learn” it by using it over and over again until it activates, a bit like the glimmer system in the SaGa series. Until it activates, the skill is shown as a series of question marks in the menu. If you use the “?????” skill and it fails to activate, it will act as a regular attack instead. Activation probability is determined by luck, which is a more important stat in the Wild ARMs games than most JRPGs, and you can temporarily increase luck with a rare item called a Tiny Flower.
Cecilia has the most versatile skill set. She uses Crest Grids, 4×4 grids with assignments for 16 different magic spells. There are four overall, two for light magic and two for dark magic. She needs to find Crest Graphs, which can then be set into the grids at magic shops in town. As may be expected, light magic is typically for defense and dark magic is for offense. There are also many noncombat skills, such as the near-essential Teleport magic that allows you to travel between towns instantly when on the world map, and Curse and Invisible, which increase and decrease your encounter rate respectively. The Crest Graphs are rare and finite, and it is good to have a lot of them as halfway through the game you’ll discover advanced magic, which opens up two additional 4×4 grids, requiring a total of 64 Crest Graphs to max out Cecilia’s magic. Of course a lot of the advanced spells are simply better versions of the original magic (Heal vs. Hi-Heal, for example), and graph placements aren’t permanent, so you can simply remove a graph from one grid and place it on another as needed. You can also rename all the magic, though this doesn’t have any effect on its utility.
On top of the usual equipment, characters can also equip Mediums, which invoke Guardians, the elemental spirits of Filgaia. They increase various stats and double as summons. The summoning sequences aren’t especially elaborate and often the attacks are not much more damaging than magic, ARMs, or Quick Draws. They do offer some variety to the combat, at least.
Wild ARMs games use a Force Bar, which in the original starts out at zero at the beginning of every battle. The bar is segmented into four and increases in Force Power (FP) every time you attack or are attacked, including a bonus if you dodge. Your stats increase as the bar increases, and when you reach 100% you achieve Condition Green, which immediately removes all status ailments. At each quarter, characters have access to different Force Abilities. Rudy starts with Lock-On, which guarantees that his ARM will hit the target; Jack has Accelerator, which guarantees that his move will be first; and Cecilia has Mystic, which accesses various secret powers in items, the most commonly used of which are healing items like Heal Berries that allow one item to be used on the whole party. This is the only game in the series to use MP as well as FP – future games collapse both into one.
Graphically, Wild ARMs is the least impressive of the series. Which, as it’s the first, is to be expected. It’s not bad. The game blends 2D and 3D, with everything in the game rendered in 2D except for battles. The chibi character sprites and blocky monsters may not look great, but they won’t make your eyes bleed or anything. Just nothing to sit in awe over. The 2D graphics on the other hand are very pretty, colorful and varied in setting. The fixed top-down camera angle makes things much easier to navigate through than the early 3D world of Wild ARMs 2. It makes secret passages and puzzles more intuitive and fun to discover and solve. The sequels with full 360 degree views tend to get disorienting in places, but there’s no such trouble here. The 2D graphics also just look better than you might see on the SNES, which is great when compared to other early PSX games like Beyond the Beyond. PSX JRPGs were perhaps too quick to jump on the polygonal bandwagon, and it’s still nice to see pixels with a little more depth to them than what the fourth generation of consoles were capable of.
Michiko Naruke’s compositions are gorgeous, crucial to the wild west vibes of the setting. Naruke incorporates whistling, mandolins, trumpets, and acoustic guitar reminiscent of classic Spaghetti Western films. Some songs in fact sample Spaghetti Western scores. The track played over the opening cinematic “Into the Wilderness”, for example, borrows the main riff of Riz Ortolani’s “Day of Anger”, and the world map track “Lone Bird in the Shire” is essentially a higher-tempo version of Ennio Morricone’s “The Ecstasy of Gold” from Sergio Leone’s The Good, the Bad, and the Ugly. You might also find similarities between Naruke’s “Agitation to Destruction” and Morricone’s “Farewell to Cheyenne” from Once Upon a Time in the West. The line between “homage” and “copy” might be a bit blurry here, but the compositions undeniably work well in the game. Naruke translates even the most blatantly ripped pieces into a JRPG soundtrack beautifully. Despite being lifted from sources about as far from JRPG as one could think, Naruke makes them familiar in terms of what they’re communicating to the JRPG-savy player – the calm village, the evil dungeon lair, the high-tech tower, the ancient temple, etc – and they do so with that charming western twang.
Wild ARMs’ story is simpler than the other games in the series, but its limited scope doesn’t feel restraining. It is merely a matter of doing well what has already been done. Given its so-so translation, this actually works in its favor. There’s simply less to mess up! Each character has a small character arc—Rudy with coming to feel a sense of belonging in the world, Jack coming to terms with the fallibility of human strength, and Cecilia coming of age as a leader and a magician. There are a few side characters, who are fun but a bit too one-note until their presence in the narrative is stretched out in the PS2 remake Alter Code F. One uncomfortable character is Bartholomew, a character who, in the Japanese version, is literally a comic relief pedophile. In the American version he is graciously just a creep who the game makes clear likes girls who are only as young as eighteen. Others, like Calamity Jane, Mariel, and Emma, are enjoyable but don’t get a chance to really shine until the remake. The villains are mostly unremarkable, with the exception of a few of the Quarter Knights (the main hench-demons) with interesting motivations, in particular Harken, Zed, and Boomerang. Even the worst pieces that make up Wild ARMs‘ narrative are at least serviceable. And it is refreshing to see so many women make up the extended cast. Cecilia is actually the most central character to the story, as much as the game wants us to think it’s Rudy, but she’s still the only girl in the main lineup.
There is a small chunk of sidequests to complete, mostly secret bosses. They all tie up loose threads in the plot, which is a nice touch as it gives the player a bit more incentive to seek them out beyond being a completionist. The main draw of the sidequests in Wild ARMs games though is the infamous series-wide secret boss Ragu O Ragla, the King of Monsters. This boss tends to be the most difficult in each game. Though it is difficult in the original as well, there are actually some clever strategies for making most of its moves cause zero damage, making it an easy win. Figuring out these strategies is difficult to parse out on your own, however, so it’s always part of the challenge of this series to figure out Ragu O Ragla’s weaknesses. Once you do defeat it, you are rewarded with another series signature: The Sheriff Star, an inventory item that increases all your stats significantly. In the original it’s by 100 points. It’s always kind of a joke given that you’ve already defeated the toughest boss in the game (except for in Wild ARMs 2, more on that later), but it’s a nice token and makes the rest of the game a breeze.
Many who grew up with the PlayStation as their primary console through their childhood or teens tend to look back on Wild ARMs as that JRPG they bought in 1997 because they were still waiting for Final Fantasy VII to come out. In the scheme of JRPG history, there’s no denying it doesn’t stack up in significance against something like FFVII. But Wild ARMs was never out there trying to revolutionize the genre or anything—it’s an experience, 20 to 30 hours long, that sits comfortably within genre conventions, a delight to play because of how closely it sticks to the rules rather than redefining them. It demonstrates the core of the JRPG genre’s appeal. Wild ARMs won’t go down in history as the greatest anything, but that doesn’t mean it’s not great.
- TV Tropes – Comprehensive information on the plot
- Wild ARMs Shrine / RPG Classics – Information on every aspect of the game
- Wild ARMs Wiki – Wiki site for the series