As long as there have been media, people have been outraged. Censorship! Book burnings! So goes the course of human civilization. Video games were of course not spared the righteous indignation of others, even from the outset, despite graphics so abstract that it's hard to imagine much of what's supposed to be going on. The Texas Chainsaw Massacre for the Atari 2600, based on the classic horror movie of the same name, was one of the earlier ones. Released by Wizard Video Games, one of the first companies to market games specifically for adults, The Texas Chainsaw Massacre is one of few games on the platform that managed to ruffle any feathers. The presentation has not aged well though, so it looks more like a joke today.
The gameplay is strange, to say the least, as it puts you in the shoes of Leatherface, the infamous villain who made a name for himself by chopping up people with his chainsaw and wearing a mask made of his victim's skin. This in itself is rather unique, as most other games with horror elements cast the players as the victims. In the game, you chase victims, which are all girls in yellow or purple dresses, and hack them to bits before they can run away. There are obstacles in the way, such as wheel chairs, fences, and cow skulls. (It does take place in Texas, where they apparently lying all over the place.) You can use the chainsaw to slice through obstacles, but there is a catch - your chainsaw has limited fuel, and if you run out, you lose a life. There is no way to get extra lives, so after you've exhausted supply, it's the end of the game.
You can conserve fuel by going around obstacles, as slicing through them costs chainsaw fuel. It's hard to get victims the first time because sometimes they disappear and spawn right behind you when you are chasing them down. Victims are not dead until they turn upside down, shift to a brown palette and disappear, vaguely like a goldfish, which is a bit silly. Every five victims killed restores a little fuel in your chainsaw and every ten victims killed will make Leatherface move a little faster. Running out of fuel is inevitable, so you can not actually "complete" The Texas Chainsaw Massacre. You just play to try to get a good score, or for a quick laugh, because it can be hard to take this game seriously now. When the game ends, you see a funny little scene where Leatherface runs out of fuel and a victim finally fights back by literally kicking him in the butt.
The graphics are pretty average for a game released in 1983. The sprites have roughly two to three frames of animation and the graphics are relatively colorful given the dark theme. The sound however, is terrible. Loud screeching noises are frequently heard, which are supposedly the victims screaming when they see Leatherface chasing them with his chainsaw. Special care was taken to emulate the sound a chainsaw makes through the Atari 2600's sound capabilities. It sounds surprisingly accurate, though very muffled, like you're listening to a chainsaw through earmuffs.
The Texas Chainsaw Massacre was pretty violent for a game back in 1983. Victims do not actually fight back (save for the silly ending scene), so they are for the most part, defenseless. Like in the movie, Leatherface is a nearly unstoppable psychopath that can destroy anything in his way. The violence is not actually all that bad, though. Even though you play as a serial killer, there is no blood, no gore, and no dead bodies lying around after they're dead.
Wizard Video Games marketed their games with adults in mind. The back of the box sums this up very well; saying "Put aside your childish pastimes; stop eating dots and chasing ghosts! A ripping revving chainsaw is at your command as you wear the leather mask of a madman! Your victims come face to face with a living nightmare as you wield the ultimate weapon - an unrelentless chainsaw! Let your most wicked fantasies run wild! Know the total pleasures of destruction as you pursue your victims with the razor sharp teeth of a hungry chainsaw! The story is true, the movie is chilling, the video game is horrifying!"
Only two other games were published by Wizard Video Games. One was based on another classic horror movie, Halloween. It's a lot tamer than The Texas Chainsaw Massacre, as it has you saving children from the killer instead of doing all the killing. The other game was an unreleased porn game called Flesh Gordon. Wizard Video Games went out of business before they could further sully the name of the Atari 2600, which other competitors were already doing quite well.
Back in 1983, The Texas Chainsaw Massacre caused something of an uproar. Many stores refused to stock it due to its supposed violence. This is a case where the game's license adds everything. As a result of the controversy, The Texas Chainsaw Massacre became very rare, and is one of the most sought after games for Atari 2600.
The other Texas Chainsaw Massacre game is based on the remake. That movie came out in 2003 - this mobile phone tie-in was released three years after the remake came out. It was made by HeroCraft, a company known for making lots and lots of crap and putting it on mobile phones, iOS, and Blackberries. The mobile phone Texas Chainsaw Massacre is a 2D platformer where you once again play as Leatherface, and must hunt down victims with your chainsaw, though it's obviously an entirely different game from the Atari 2600 release.
In terms of gameplay, you move left and right with the 4 and 6 buttons on the phone keypad. You jump with 8 and press the center button to turn on your chainsaw. You move slower with your chainsaw on and don't jump as well, so you will want to navigate platforms with the chainsaw off and fight with the chainsaw on. You kill enemies by running into them with the chainsaw on and waiting for them to fall down and die. You don't have to worry about fuel in this one, so go head and hack away all you want anyway. Every so often enemies will drop temporary power ups, which all do nearly useless things like give you another chainsaw tethered to one you already have. It looks ridiculous and is a very hard weapon to use effectively, making the powerup worthless. There is also flaming chainsaw, which looks awesome and makes you do more damage, and a boomerang, which kills enemies on higher platforms by throwing flying chainsaws at them. All power ups have a timer, and upon expiring, you go back to your normal chainsaw.
Enemies are very different this time around. Some of them fight back by throwing cleavers or stabbing you with knives while others, like in the original, just run around and panic, hoping you're too slow to kill them. There is a lot of blood and gore this time around. It practically sprays everywhere whenever you or an enemy gets hit with anything. There are also loud blood curdling screams everywhere, which makes the sound much more annoying.
As expected, the controls are pretty poor, as playing on a phone keypad never feels right. Leatherface sort of floats in the air while jumping, like he's underwater. The controls are even less responsive when the chainsaw is out. It's pretty obvious that this was just a quick cash-in, not really aiming to be an enjoyable game, just existing to trick people into getting it on their phones if they liked the movie. Some of the feel of the movie is lost, however, when a granny that flings axes can easily kill Leatherface.
When you die, you get a Game Over, but you can select which level you start at from the opening menu and pick up where you died. This feature effectively removes what little challenge there was. It's so easy that the continue feature feels unnecessary, as the game is also quite short.
There are nine levels in total. The first three take place in Texas, where you fight harmless businessmen, grannies with cleavers, and policemen with shotguns. The second three levels are in Chicago, where you fight grannies with axes, demon basketball players, and punks with knives. The last three levels are in Washington D.C., which have you up against the United States military and girls with swords. If you manage to complete the game, which is very easy despite poor controls, a girl with a sword cuts Leatherface's arm off.
HeroCraft would later lose the license to The Texas Chainsaw Massacre. To rectify this, HeroCraft re-released the game to the less copyright infringing title California Chainsaw Massacre. Other than changing the title and the main character, who is now bald and wearing a tank top, it is the exact same game.
The Texas Chainsaw Massacre for mobile phones is a very bad game, but it has a purpose. In the Atari 2600 version, people were shocked by the mere thought of playing as a killer with a chainsaw. Even though there was no blood, no gore, and no bodies lying about, it was still deemed too violent. The mobile phone version has all of those things, but no one seemed to care, and thus it fell into obscurity. Part of it had to do with the fact that no one really played mobile games back then, but the world has also changed a lot since 1983 and violence is a lot more socially acceptable in video games, for better or worse.